Wood Species

Schacht Millworks has a wide selection of wood species to choose from. Please refer to the list below for wood species information, and click on the wood grain photos for larger images of each wood type.

African Mahogany wood species

African Mahogany

A reddish brown wood that varies in shade within the same board. It has a coarse texture with open pores. The grain is irregular. It is a durable, attractive wood, used as interior trim, exterior furniture and boat building.

Afromosia wood species

Afromosia

Also known as African Teak, this is a hard dense wood. The heartwood is yellowish brown with red and olive hues. The color will darken with age. The wood is very decay & insect resistant. It is used as a substitute for Teak.

Alder wood species

Alder

The color is reddish brown to a light tan and will darken slightly with age. The heart and sap woods are colored the same. It is easy to work and has excellent finishing properties. It is typically supplied in 2 grades, knotty and select.

American Cherry wood species

American Cherry

The heartwood is light pinkish brown darkening with time to a rich reddish brown. Exposure to light speeds the darkening. It has a fine, closed grain texture with relatively straight grain. The sapwood is yellowish white. It is one of the best woods for workability.

American Walnut wood species

American Walnut

Wood color ranges from pale brown to dark chocolate with darker grain streaks. Occasionally the wood has gray, purple or reddish tones. The sapwood is creamy white. The wood has a smooth texture. Grain is usually straight but is also occasionally figured. The wood is highly decay resistant. With its easy workability and its dark colors, it is used for furniture, trim, cabinets, paneling and flooring. It is also used as an accent wood in conjunction with other species. The wood will lighten with time so care must be taken when finishing.

Aromatic Cedar wood species

Aromatic Cedar

The wood is a blend of red, violet and brown. The sapwood is pale yellow and appears as streaks throughout the boards. It is soft and easy to work. The wood contains knots and grain irregularities. It is highly resistant to decay and insect attack. It is used in closets to repel moths and insects with its distinctive scent. It is normally left unfinished.

Ash wood species

Ash

Ash is a light brown to yellow in color with a medium to course grain similar to oak. Strong for its weight, it is used for flooring and turnings such as tool handles and baseball bats.

Bamboo wood species

Bamboo

Bamboo is technically not a wood, but a member of the grass family. Its color is uniformly pale yellow. It is also sold as “carbonized” where the color is tan from heat treatment. Its attraction is with the decidedly “Oriental” feel of the material. The graining is either horizontal or vertical. It is typically used as flooring or cabinetry.

Birch wood species

Birch

Birch is light reddish-brown with white sapwood. It has straight or slightly wavy grain. It is widely used for flush doors and plywood.

Birdseye Maple wood species

Birdseye Maple

Birdseye Maple is not a distinct species of maple but rather a description of a specific grain figuring. It occurs in Sugar Maples, growing in lowlight conditions. The tree starts numerous new buds to capture more light which are ultimately aborted due to the poor growing conditions. Tiny knots remain that, when cut, resemble small bird’s eyes.

Blue Stain Pine wood species

Blue Stain Pine

Not a true species of pine, but a form of figuring in pine lumber where the tree has been infested with Mountain pine beetles. As these beetles bore into the tree, they carry a fungus that discolors the wood.

Brazilian Cherry/Jatoba wood species

Brazilian Cherry/Jatoba

This wood can vary in color from light orange-brown to a dark red-brown. It’s color darkens with time and exposure to light. It has a medium to coarse texture with relatively straight grain. It is extremely dense, durable and hard, leading to its most common uses as furniture and flooring.

Bubinga wood species

Bubinga

Bubinga is an Equatorial African Hardwood. It is pinkish to dark reddish brown in color. The grain is often demarked with purple and black streaks. It is a dense hardwood and exhibits stunning grain figuring.

Curly Maple wood species

Curly Maple

This is another description of grain figuring occurring most often in soft maples. Also known as “Tiger” or “Fiddleback” Maple the grain in the wood forms ripples along the length of the board. It is not clear what environmental condition causes the phenomenon.

Douglas Fir wood species

Douglas Fir

The color of fir varies with the age of the tree. It is usually a light brown with reds, oranges and yellow. When it is cut vertically the grain is very straight, when plain sawn it is highly figured. It is one of the hardest softwoods.

Ebony wood species

Ebony

This wood is jet black with little variation or visible grain. It is a dense fine grained wood that is difficult to work with. The lumber is small dimension and its primary use is as an accent wood.

European Beech wood species

European Beech

Beech is a pale cream color with pinkish/brown hues. It is finely textured with even grain patterns.

Hard Maple/Sugar Maple wood species

Hard Maple/Sugar Maple

Unlike many woods, the sap wood of the tree is used rather than the heartwood. Its color is nearly white to an off-white cream. It has a fine, even texture. Relatively easy to work with, it does present some problems given its high density. It has a tendency to burn with high speed cutters and is difficult to finish with other than a natural clear coat. Its common uses include cabinetry, flooring and interior trim.

Hickory wood species

Hickory

The heartwood is medium to dark brown with lighter streaks. Sapwood is a pale yellowish brown. The grain varies from straight to wavy. It is one of the hardest of the North American Hardwoods. It is subsequently difficult to work. Given their similarity in appearance, Pecan is typically mixed with hickory at the mill. It is often used as flooring given its hardness.

Honduran Mahogany wood species

Honduran Mahogany

A pale pinkish brown wood with a medium texture. The color will darken with age. The grain is variable from straight, to wavy and irregular. It is easily worked and used for furniture, cabinetry and boat building.

Ipe wood species

Ipe

Ipe varies in color from reddish-brown to dark blackish-brown, occasionally with yellowish, olive streaks. It is one of the most durable woods on the planet with exceptional resistance to decay and insects. It is difficult to work and with its oily nature it does not glue well.
Given its density it does not dry well and will move as it slowly dries. It is commonly used as decking and exterior structural lumber. It is sometimes labeled as “Brazilian Walnut”.

Lyptus wood species

Lyptus

Lyptus is a trade name- The true species being eucalyptus. It is a plantation raised hybrid. Its color ranges from a light salmon pink to a dark brownish red. The color darkens with age and exposure to light. It is straight grained with a medium texture.

Mesquite wood species

Mesquite

Mesquite is a reddish- brown wood that darkens with age. It exhibits a coarse texture with wavy grain. Knots, defects and grain irregularities are very common. The wood is only available in short and narrow dimensions and occasionally rustic slabs. Common uses include furniture, cabinetry and accents.

Olive wood species

Olive

This wood has a creamy brown color with dark brown to black contrasting grain. It is a fine textured wood, easy to work. One downside is shrinkage and movement. It is typically used for furniture or accents.

Padauk wood species

Padauk

The color of Padauk varies from pale pinkish- orange to deep red- brown. It darkens substantially with time. With proper finishing the tell tale orange color can be sustained. It is primarily used as an accent wood in furniture and flooring.

Pine wood species

Pine

The wood color is light yellow to reddish brown. It has straight even textured grains, It is easily worked although difficult to stain evenly. Commonly used for doors, trim, furniture and flooring.

Poplar wood species

Poplar

Poplar is a light cream to yellow- brown in color with streaks of gray, green, black and purple. It is easily worked with straight uniform grain and fine texture. It is one of the most economical and affordably priced hardwoods. It has many structural uses, the most common being painted doors and trim.

Purpleheart wood species

Purpleheart

When newly cut, this wood is a dull gray- brown color. With exposure it turns to a deep eggplant purple. Over time and exposure to UV’s, it will become a dark brown. It is difficult to work and normally used as an accent wood. With proper finishing the color shifts can be minimized.

Red Oak wood species

Red Oak

Red Oak has a light to medium, pink to reddish- brown color with fairly coarse grain. It is durable, easy to work, and finish. It is abundant and sustainable commonly used as flooring, furniture, cabinetry, doors and trim.

Redwood wood species

Redwood

Redwood heartwood will vary in color from a light pinkish- brown to deep red. The sapwood is a pale white. It is very decay resistant though lacks durability due to its softness. It’s typical uses include exterior trim, decking and furniture.

Santos Mahogany wood species

Santos Mahogany

Although not a true mahogany, it is grouped together due to its similar appearance. It is harder and more dense than mahogany. Its color varies from dark brown to purplish or burgundy. It will darken with age. Difficult to work given its density, gluing is problematic. It is used for furniture, flooring and trim.

Sapele wood species

Sapele

Sapele is a medium to dark reddish-brown with hints of purple. The color will darken with age. A straight grained ribbon pattern is most common though it also exhibits a wide variety of figured grain patterns. It is commonly used in furniture and cabinetry with figured grains most evident in veneers.

Soft Maple wood species

Soft Maple

Soft Maple refers to several species of Maple that are not as hard or strong as Hard Maple. Generally this wood has brown, tan, gray and pink tones. It is often used as a painted wood where as a harder trim is required i.e.: commercial installation.

Spanish Cedar wood species

Spanish Cedar

Spanish Cedar is a uniform pink to reddish brown with straight grain and medium texture. It is easy to work and durable. It has distinct scent making it a favorite for cigar humidors.

Spruce wood species

Spruce

Spruce is cream to white color with hints of pink and red. It has a consistently straight grain with a fine even texture. Small knots are numerous and common, sometimes black. In addition to structural uses it is also used in paneling.

Teak wood species

Teak

Teak is a golden medium brown with hints of olive. Generally straight grained it has a medium texture and is naturally oily. It is difficult to glue and finish due to the oils. It is durable and very decay resistant. Its common uses include exterior furniture, boat building and decking.

Wenge wood species

Wenge

Wenge is a dark brown wood with black streaks. It has straight grain and a coarse texture. It is a hard dense wood, commonly used for furniture, cabinets and paneling.

Western Red Cedar wood species

Western Red Cedar

This wood is reddish brown with random streaks of darker color. It has coarse texture and relatively straight grain. It is easy to work and very decay resistant. The downside of the wood is that it is very soft and has the tendency to dent and scratch. Its common use is exterior trim.

White Oak wood species

White Oak

White Oak is light to medium brown with slight olive tints. It, like Red Oak exhibits a fairly coarse grain. It works and finishes easily, and is abundant in supply. It is commonly used as flooring, furniture, doors and trim.

Wormy Maple wood species

Wormy Maple

This is not a specific Maple species but a form of figuring. It is from a maple tree infested with Ambrosia beetles. As these beetles bore into the tree, they bring along a fungus that is carried into the vascular system discoloring the wood.

Zebrawood wood species

Zebrawood

As its name implies, this wood is streaked with light brown, cream and blackish grains. It’s texture is coarse and the grain is wavy. It is hard and dense, frequently quarter sawn and made into veneers. It’s common uses are for furniture, cabinets and paneling.